Gynecomastia is an enlargement or swelling of breast tissue in males. It can affect one or both breasts and affects their appearance and self confidence, This drives the majority to search for an effective way to get rid of it
What Causes of gynecomastia ?
- Imbalance between the hormones estrogen and testosterone
- Hereditary causes.
- Certain medications.
- Hepatic fibrosis.
Gynecomastia normally resolves without any treatment, but if there is an underlying condition, it may need treatment.
If the reason is medication, the patient may need to switch to a different drug. If the patient is using the medication for a short time only, the condition will be temporary.
But if the condition does not resolve within 2 years, or if it causes embarrassment, pain or tenderness, treatment may be necessary.
The Treatment options are divided into:
- Medications such as Tamoxifen which is a drug that blocks the action of the female hormone estrogen in the body, It is used in breast cancer but it can reduce symptoms of breast pain and enlargement in men.
- Testosterone replacement can treat gynecomastia in older men with low testosterone levels.
surgical methods for gynecomastia varies according to the condition of each patient. Surgery is divided into:
- Liposuction: Liposuction can remove excess fatty tissue. It involves inserting a small tube through a 3- to 4-millimeter incision, then the surgeon moves it in a controlled motion to loosen the excess fat, which is then removed from the body by vacuum suction.
- Excision technique: Cutting out tissue with a scalpel, to remove excess glandular tissue
- Some cases require both techniques liposuction and excision
- Vaser Treatment: Vaser treatment for gynecomastia is a liposuction machine that contours fat with ultrasound energy … Studies suggested that you could treat gynecomastia patients without having to remove tissue, thus avoiding the small incision around the areola.